Monday, January 13, 2014

The Zionist City of Tel-Aviv was designed before Israel was formed

A Brief

                History of Tel Aviv Now 100 years Old 

 Steve Plotkin on Youtube Published on Jun 15, 2012
  A history of the founding of the city of Tel Aviv, Israel with the changing times, political forces, and external influences. The Streets of Tel Aviv: The New City and Its Setting

            The Streets of Tel Aviv: The New City and Its Setting


As Tel Aviv expanded, rows of apartment blocks and commercial structures were erected where previously there were sand dunes, orange groves, olive orchards, and vineyards. Agrarian villages, too, were swallowed up by the forces of urbanization. During the early 1940s the adjacent German colony Sarona was also annexed to Tel Aviv. The new city’s growth outpaced its ability to adopt modern sanitary arrangements. Among this collection’s unique items is a set of sewer diagrams prepared by a London-based engineering firm for an underground sewer system that was constructed in the 1940s. Tel Aviv was an expression of the Zionist vision for an independent Jewish commonwealth, and the names that its founders and planners chose for its streets clearly reflect that. For example, there were streets bearing the names of Herzl (Theodor Herzl was the founder of political Zionism), Ben-Yehuda (Eliezer Ben-Yehuda led the Hebrew-language revival), and Ahad Ha?am (the philosopher of cultural Zionism) – and also King George, Allenby (after the British general who conquered Palestine), and Balfour (author of the 1917 declaration that established a Jewish national home in Palestine). Many streets commemorate pioneers of the Jewish Yishuv in Palestine, while others recall famous eminent personages of the Jewish Diaspora. Take, for example, the intersection of Ferdinand Lassalle and Eduard Bernstein Streets – which were named for two prominent nineteenth-century German Social Democrats (both of Jewish parentage). The tourist seeking a pantheon of modern Jewish history can find it on the streets of Tel Aviv.

                                          from the Stanford University Libraries web site


                                                                Historical Background 

  1. JCT, the parent company of the Anglo Palestine Bank, the predecessor of Bank Leumi, was founded by Theodor Herzl in 1899, to serve as a financial instrument for the Zionist Movement. 2. Early in the 20th century, the company issued approximately 250,000 shares at par value of £1. The company's activities in the diplomatic field focused on the purchase of the right of settlement in the Land of Israel from the Ottoman government and in the financial field, on granting credit for the establishment of Zionist activities in the Land of Israel. The company established a number of well known subsidiaries, including the Anglo Palestine Bank which later evolved into the Bank Leumi of Israel Company. 3. In the 1950s, the company's activities were transferred to an Israeli corporation, " Otsar Hityashvut Hayehudim - the Jewish Colonial Trust Ltd." and most of its share rights were converted into interests in the Israeli company.

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